Ancient Rome

The Roman Empire was basically a Greco-Roman bilingual and bicultural empire. In Rome, philosophy and medicine were taught in Greek. Thanks to this enormous level of culture and knowledge, the Roman Empire was able to expand throughout Central Europe, the Mediterranean Sea and most of the known world at the time. The greatness of Rome was not only the result of its military power, but above all of its ability to hold together and politically integrate the various parts of an empire conquered so quickly. Roman political domination was the most capable among those of antiquity to arouse consensus and to take root, leaving signs in the landscape, in the language, in the culture, in the law of the nations. The Roman emperor was not a king. He was a "great citizen", who had assumed power to govern and defend the res publica, then the Empire. His power had no mystical connotation. He was an agent of the Roman people and if he behaved badly he would be replaced. And since the only sanction in Roman politics was death, his removal often coincided with his murder.


The success and solidity of the Roman Empire was made possible by following strict principles such as: demonstrating military supremacy through battle, being generous with the conquered neemies, avoiding retaliation after the victory and establishing Roman militia on the territory to discourage revolts. Respect for the conquered population was vital, so the Romans reconstructed in a much more effective and artistic way what they had destroyed to the enemy people during the war. They not only embellished many cities across the empire but also built them in a healthy way from the ground.


Moreover, the Romans respected the customs of the conquered people, as well as their laws and religion. The Romans have never struggled to affirm their gods, for them the gods of others were in addition, and they had the right to be worshiped as the others, they often adopted simulacra bringing foreign religion to Rome and erecting temples in their honor. The Romans, unlike many intolerant religions of today, did not consider themselves holders of the only true Gods, nor did they suffer if others had different gods. They were a great example of religious tolerance.

The centurion was one of the ranks of command of the Roman Army. Their experience and value have been a crucial factor in securing the greatest military triumphs of all time. They were always positioned in the front line to demonstrate their courage and impetus. The centurion's name will be forever associated with the veteran of the battlefields, close to his men at the time of the battle.

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