Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt had the longest unitary, political and cultural history of any Mediterranean civilization. It was held without interruptions from 3000 B.C. to the IV century A.D. The nature of the country, crossed and made fertile for all its extension by the Nile, and its relative isolation from external cultural influences, gave rise to a uniform artistic style that underwent few changes over many centuries. Ancient Egypt reached its maximum territorial expansion under the reign of THUTMOSIS III (1480-1448 BC).


The Egyptian civilization was based on a pyramid model, at the top of which was the pharaoh, holder of absolute power and considered a god: the pharaoh commanded the army, decided the laws, the seasons of sowing and harvesting and made all political, economic and social decisions. There was neither freedom nor rights. The pharaoh was the master of everything and everyone: of the land, of the animals, of the houses and of all that was produced in his kingdom. He was omnipotent because he was considered a son of the Gods. In conclusion, the pharaoh was a ruler who decided what was right for his people.


The Egyptian religion, like most of the ancient religions, was polytheistic and abounded of zoomorphic divinities, that is of animal gods made sacred for their function: the crocodile, signaled the approach of the floods; the jackal eliminated the carrions; The cat hunted rodents out of grain stores and so on. The most important cult in ancient Egypt was that of the god Sun. It was called with different names Ra, Ammon, Aton, etc.. Two very important deities were also Osiris and Isis. Osiris was the god of the night and the underworld and Isis, his bride, protected the unhappy to whom he promised peace in the afterlife. Other famous deities were Anubis, god of the dead; Bastet, goddess of joy and love; Thot, patron of scribes and science.

Anubis was one of the most important and famous divinities, his faithful warriors knew perfectly well how to use their dark divine powers and brute strength to triumph in battles and protect their pharaoh. They wear his black mask to symbolize the decay of the dead but also the fertile Silt, symbol of rebirth. The warriors of Anubis not only annihilate their enemies, but also mummify their deceased companions so that they can properly reach the afterlife.

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